Surgeons perform operations to treat broken bones and diseases, such as cancer. Education — Becoming a surgeon requires the successful completion of medical school, a multi-year residency program, and sometimes a specialized fellowship. These doctors frequently take X-rays, apply braces, create mouth guards, and perform other procedures as needed.
High-achieving orthodontists require good communication skills, as they work with patients directly, plus strong analytical and problem-solving abilities. While some work for large orthodontic offices, others own their own practice, which requires strong management skills.
Education — After earning a college degree, future orthodontists need to complete a dental school program that involves classroom and clinical experience. These newly minted doctors must then complete a specialized residency program and sit for a licensing exam. It also covers pathologists, who study body tissue for possible abnormalities, and radiologists, who analyze medical images and administer radiation treatment to cancer patients.
Education — Any medical doctor M. Most clinical professions also require the completion of a residency program, although some may go on and receive fellowship training after that. Some work on child and adolescent psychiatry, for example, while others specialize in forensic legal psychiatry, addiction psychiatry, or consultation psychiatry, which occurs in a medical setting.
Others specialize in psychoanalysis, where the psychiatrist helps the patient remember and examine past events and emotions to better understand their current feelings. Psychiatrists can be found in any number of work environments: private practice, hospitals, community agencies, schools, rehabilitation programs, and even prisons.
Education — Unlike psychologists, psychiatrists are medical doctors. After receiving an undergraduate degree, they have to complete medical school, followed by a residency program. According to the American Psychiatric Association, the first year of residency typically involves working in a hospital setting and managing a variety of medical conditions, followed by three or more years focused on mental health and medications.
Thereafter, graduates often apply for certification from the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Job Outlook — Among physicians, psychology is expected to be one of the fastest-growing specialties over the next several years. As with other general practice physicians, internists who work in a primary care capacity see a lot of patients and need to treat a range of ailments, from asthma and diabetes to high cholesterol and hypertension.
With visits often lasting 15 or 30 minutes, quick decision-making skills are a must. Education — After receiving a college degree and successfully completing medical school, internists typically complete a residency program where they rotate through multiple healthcare specialties.
Some pursue more specialized training in areas such as cardiology, pulmonology, and oncology. Internists who are board-certified have a major edge in the job market. Family medicine physicians, also known as primary care physicians, are typically where patients go for periodic exams and the treatment of common health ailments, such as sinus and respiratory infections, as well as chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, asthma, and heart disease.
Some primary care doctors specifically work with adults internists or children pediatricians. Those who treat patients of all ages, from childhood to advanced age, are known as family physicians. Because of their varied patient population, family practice doctors generally manage a wider range of medical conditions.
Education — After graduation from medical school, family medicine physicians complete a residency program. Doctors are required to complete a certain number of months in each training area before applying for board certification. While highly paid, many chief executives have daunting schedules. However, many had undergraduate majors in unrelated fields though some later received a master of business administration , or MBA, degree. Many executives in tech-related companies studied engineering as undergraduates.
That means becoming a nurse anesthetist takes less time and money than going to medical school and becoming a physician. To become a CRNA, candidates also need at least one year of full-time experience working as a registered nurse in a critical-care setting. These general practitioners perform checkups and exams for younger patients, treat common ailments, and administer immunizations.
They often refer patients to a specialist when their health issues are more complex. Pediatricians require strong critical-thinking skills, especially given the large number of patients they often serve, as well as excellent interpersonal skills and empathy. Education — After medical school, pediatricians enter residency programs that allow them to develop their skills in a clinical environment.
They must pass licensing exams to practice, and most receive board certification to boost their prospects in the job market. The BLS lumps airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers into one category. The pilot, or captain, typically has the most experience operating a plane and oversees the other members of the flight crew. The copilot is the second in command during the flight and helps the captain with responsibilities in the cockpit.
However, because of the increased amount of automation in new aircraft, there are fewer jobs for flight engineers than there used to be. They often start out as commercial pilots and accrue thousands of hours of experience in the cockpit before gaining employment with an airline. Job Outlook — There are roughly 74, individuals employed as airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers in the United States.
The BLS lumps these other specialists into one group. Among the practitioners included in this category are endodontists, who perform root canals and other procedures dealing with the inside of the tooth, and periodontists, who treat the gums and bones around the teeth. Like other dental professionals, specialists must take the Dental Admission Test to get accepted into an accredited dental program.
After dental school, specialists typically complete two to three years of additional training in the field of their choice. While the pay tends to be attractive, the combination of relatively low stress and flexible scheduling certainly adds to the appeal. In a typical week, dental practitioners might find themselves analyzing X-rays, filling cavities, extracting damaged teeth, and administering sealants. Education — While not always required to do so, dentists often select biology or other science majors as an undergraduate.
After college, they take the Dental Admission Test DAT to get into a dental school, where they learn about subjects such as local anesthesia, anatomy, periodontics, and radiology. They also receive clinical experience under the supervision of a practicing dentist. They evaluate the information technology IT needs of a business or government body and work with technical staff to implement computer systems that meet those objectives.
Successful managers need to develop sound plans that mesh with the goals of the organization, as well as the ability to motivate employees who are under their supervision. Before becoming IS managers, individuals generally have several years of experience under their belt in a related field. In general, larger organizations require more-seasoned IT managers than smaller companies or startups.
According to the BLS, a chief technology officer CTO , who supervises the entire technology function at a larger organization, will often need more than 15 years of IT experience. Some have graduated from management information systems MIS programs, which add business coursework to the normal computer programming and software development classes.
To advance into a managerial role, IT professionals sometimes work toward a master of business administration MBA or other graduate degrees. MBA programs usually take two years to complete full time, although some employers take courses part-time while they continue to work in an IT capacity. That can include consulting with clients and preparing specifications for the project, analyzing the feasibility of work being proposed, and reviewing contracts and budgets.
In addition to having strong administrative skills, managers in these fields need a background in architecture or engineering to understand the demands of a particular project. Professionals who supervise chemists, physicists, biologists, and other scientists are in the top 25 of all occupations when it comes to mean pay.
Natural sciences managers can have any number of titles, including health sciences manager, laboratory manager, research and development director, research manager, senior investigator, and senior scientist. What they have in common is a responsibility to coordinate activities such as testing, quality control , and production and to oversee research and development.
Education — The typical career path for managers begins as a scientist. Among their responsibilities are planning investment activities and assessing market trends to maximize profits while controlling risk. If you would like to set your cookies preferences, click the Settings button below. To accept all cookies, click Accept.
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Learn about our editorial policies Updated on August 28, The more you learn about different types of jobs available in each industry, the easier it will be to decide on the right career path for you. This list of jobs, grouped A to Z by industry, will help you.
You'll also see the average salary for each job type, according to information from the U. Bureau of Labor and Statistics. Knowing salary information can help you make informed choices for your future. Fisherman - a person that catches fish Florist - a person that works with flowers. Gardener - a person that keeps gardens clean and tidy. They take care of the plants in the garden.
Hairdresser - they cut your hair or give it a new style. Journalist - a person that makes new reports in writing or through television. Judge - a qualified person that decides cases in a law court. Lawyer - a person that defends people in court and gives legal advice. Lecturer - a person that gives lectures, usually in a university.
Librarian - a person that works in a library. Lifeguard - a person that saves lives where people swim at a beach or swimming pool. Mechanic - a person that repairs machines, especially car motors. Model - a usually attractive person that works in fashion, modeling clothes and accessories. Newsreader - a person that reads the news, normally on television. Nurse - a person trained to help a doctor look after the sick or injured. Optician - a person that checks your eyes and try and correct any problems with your sight.
Painter - a person that paints pictures or the interior and exterior of buildings. Pharmacist - a qualified person that works with and dispenses medicine. Photographer - a person that takes photos. Pilot - a person who flies a plane.
Plumber - a person that repairs your water systems or pipes. Politician - a person who works in politics. They try and prevent crime. Postman - a person that delivers mail to your house. Real estate agent - a person that makes money from selling land for development. Receptionist - a person that is at the reception entrance of a company. Scientist - a person that works in the science industry.